During the late 1990s, Kosovo became an important issue in Russian foreign relations and the country’s domestic politics. The intervention of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the former Yugoslavia was deeply unpopular in the Russian Federation, due to United States and European Union (EU) support for Catholic Croatia and Muslim Bosnia against Orthodox Serbia, a historical ally of Russia.
   With the ascent of Yevgeny Primakov, the Kremlin became increasingly critical of U.S. policy toward Belgrade, and in 1999, Boris Yeltsin warned Bill Clinton not to intervene militarily in the region. However, when negotiations between the Kosovar leadership and Slobodan Milošević’s government failed to produce results, NATO began a bombing campaign of Serbia and occupied Kosovo in an effort to stop the forcible removal of ethnic Albanians. In an attempt to save face, Russian troops entered Kosovo shortly before the NATO force. The Kosovo crisis underscored Yeltsin’s lack of influence with the United States and NATO and soured many Russians’ view of the West in general.
   Over the next decade, the Kosovars moved steadily toward full secession from Serbia, under the aegis of NATO and later EU protection. Vladimir Putin emerged as a vocal critic of Pristina’s goal of independence, arguing that such a move—if recognized by the international community—would trigger similar outcomes in the frozen conflict zones of the former Soviet Union, specifically NagornoKarabakh, Transnistria, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia (the latter two were, in fact, recognized by President Dmitry Medvyedev in the summer of 2008).
   On 17 February 2008, the Assembly of Kosovo formally declared independence; the decision was ultimately recognized by more than 50 foreign nations, including most members of the EU, Turkey, and the United States. Russia described the move as “illegal,” and used its permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council to prevent UN recognition. No member of the Commonwealth of Independent States has recognized Kosovo’s independence.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Kosovo — [kō̂′sə vō΄] province of S Serbia: 4,203 sq mi (10,886 sq km); pop. c. 2,000,000 Kosovar [kō̂′səvär΄] adj., n. * * * Ko·so·vo (kôʹsə vō , kōʹ ) A province of southern Yugoslavia in the Serbian republic. Settled by Slavs in the seventh century,… …   Universalium

  • Kosovo —    Kosovo is a province in the Balkans, currently still a de jure part of Serbia, following a 12 week war in 1999 waged by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) against the rump Yugoslavia to prevent the ethnic cleansing of the indigenous …   Historical dictionary of the Gypsies

  • Kosovo — y Metohija generalmente llamada Kosovo, es una provincia autónoma de Serbia (que junto con Montenegro constituye Serbia y Montenegro). Actualmente es administrada por las Naciones Unidas (ONU) después de la reciente Guerra de Kosovo, su estatus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kosovo — o Kósovo El nombre de esta región situada al sur de Serbia, de población mayoritariamente albanesa y actualmente bajo administración de la ONU, presenta dos acentuaciones válidas en español. Cada una de ellas se basa en una de las dos lenguas que …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Kosovo — (anc. Kosovo Metohija) prov. de Serbie qui fut de 1974 à 1990 une province autonome (au sein de la Fédération yougoslave); 10 887 km²; 1 850 000 hab. (Kosovars). Pop.: Albanais (plus de 80 %), Serbes (13 %); cap. Pristina. Langue off.: d Albanais …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kosovo — (Kossovo), seit 1878 bestehendes türk. Wilajet, das nördlich an Bulgarien, Serbien, Bosnien und Montenegro grenzt und die Sandschaks (Liwas) Üsküb, Prizren, Prischtina, Ipek und das von Österreich okkupierte Sandschak Plevlje umfaßt, d. h. Teile… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kosovo — Kosōvo (Kossovo), europ. türk. Wilajet, Teile von Altserbien, Albanien und Mazedonien umfassend, 32.900 qkm, 1.038.100 E.; Hauptstadt Prizren. – K. polje, s. Amselfeld …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kosovo — Kȍsovo sr DEFINICIJA geogr. autonomna pokrajina u sastavu Srbije, 10.887 km2, 1.954.747 stan …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kosovo — [kō̂′sə vō΄] province of S Serbia: 4,203 sq mi (10,886 sq km); pop. c. 2,000,000 Kosovar [kō̂′səvär΄] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Kosovo — This article is about the geographical region of Kosovo. For individual articles about the entities disputing its sovereignty, see Republic of Kosovo and Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation).… …   Wikipedia

  • Kosovo — Republika e Kosovës (albanisch) Република Косово/Republika Kosovo (serbokroatisch) Republik Kosovo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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